Certifying LoRaWAN® Products
There are many benefits of using LoRaWAN® CertifiedCM products:
- Certified devices provide end-users with confidence that the device is reliable and compliant with the LoRaWAN® specification
- Ensures correct LoRaWAN® behaviour of end-devices and reduces support costs, preventing product failure "later" when it is more expensive to correct
- Allows end-device manufacturers to carry the LoRaWAN® CertifiedCM mark of quality, only afforded to LoRa Alliance® members
- LoRaWAN® CertifiedCM devices will be given priority focus in LoRa Alliance® promotional marketing
- Access to the LoRaWAN® Certification Test Tool (LCTT)
The LoRaWAN CertificationCM Program provides assurance to end customers that their application-specific end devices will operate on any LoRaWAN® network. The scope of the Certification Program confirms that the end device meets the functional requirements of the LoRaWAN® specification.
The program includes a suite of regional tests that are specified in the following documents:
- LoRa Alliance® European EU 863-870MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document*
- LoRa Alliance® US + Canada US902-928MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document*
- LoRa Alliance® Asia AS 923MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document*
- LoRa Alliance® South Korea 920-923MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document*
- LoRa Alliance® India IN865-867MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document*
*documents available exclusively to members via the Member Portal
End-device manufacturers must be a member of the LoRa Alliance® in order to submit their products to become LoRaWAN CertifiedCM. They must also use an LoRa Alliance® Authorised Test House (ATH) to do the functional protocol testing. Upon successful completion of the tests, the product will be listed on the LoRa Alliance® website, and a certificate of LoRa Alliance® Certification will be issued by the LoRa Alliance®. Additionally, products which successfully complete the Alliance Certification Program are able to use the LoRaWAN CertifiedCM logo on their product and packaging subject to compliance with the LoRa Alliance® Marks & Logo Usage Policy and Guidelines*.
The documents below are available to all LoRa Alliance® Members and can be found in the All Members/Certification folder within the Member Portal:
- LoRaWAN® Certification Policies and Procedures*
- LoRaWAN® European EU 863-870MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document V1.6*
- LoRaWAN® US and Canada 902-928MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document V1.5.1*
- LoRaWAN® Asia AS 923MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document V1.1.1*
- LoRaWAN® South Korea 920-923MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document V1.2.1*
- LoRaWAN® India IN865-867MHz Region End Device Certification Requirements document 1.1.1*
- LoRaWAN® Certification Questionnaire V2.1*
- LoRaWAN® Supplementary Device Info Questionnaire V1.1*
- LoRaWAN® End Device Radiated RF Performance EU V1.2.1*
- LoRaWAN® End Device Radiated RF Performance US V1.1*
- LoRaWAN® End Device Radiated RF Performance KR V1.1.1*
- Collective LoRaWAN® Device EU Qualification Program v2.0*
- GitHub link to reference code https://github.com/Lora-net
*Documents are available to LoRa Alliance® Members via the Member Portal. Non-members can access any of the above reference documents by emailing email@example.com. Non-members will be asked to sign an NDA prior to receipt of any reference material.
This section provides an overview of the Certification-by-Similarity process, as described in detail in the LoRa Alliance® Process Description Certification for LoRaWAN Devices* document.
A device or module manufacturer who wishes to have its device certified based on similarity to an existing certified device should:
- Contact a LoRa Alliance® Authorized Test House (ATH) for a quote.
- Complete the certification questionnaire* available on the LoRa Alliance® website Members Area or from the ATH, and complete the Certification-by-Similarity Declaration form.
- The ATH will review the details of the new device against the details of the device offered for Certification-by-Similarity as stated in the Certification-by-Similarity Declaration form.
- If the responses to the questionnaire and declaration meet the Certification-by-Similarity requirements defined if the Certification Process for LoRaWAN® Devices Version1.0 then the ATH will issue a statement to the LoRa Alliance® requesting LoRa Alliance® Certification for the device.
- LoRa Alliance® will review the ATH statement and issue a certificate of LoRa Alliance® Certification.
- If there are any areas of doubt that the device does not meet the stated requirements, then the ATH will do a full or partial Certification test.
- The ATH fees for Certification-by-Similarity are expected to be less than the fees for full product testing.
- False statements on the Certification-by-Similarity Declaration form will result in immediate withdrawal of device certification.
Cases for Certification-by-Similarity:
- Case 1 - Module Integration: the variant device to be certified embeds a LoRaWAN CertifiedCM module.
- Case 2 - Module Family: the variant device to be certified is a module from the same family of LoRaWAN CertifiedCM modules.
- Case 3 - Device Certification-by-Similarity: the variant device to be certified uses the same module as another LoRaWAN CertifiedCM device.
LoRa Alliance® Certification by Similarity Process Flowchart
The RF Performance of a device is also critical for the successful deployment of LoRaWAN® networks to maximize the use of the Radio Spectrum available to the device. New optional extended RF tests will provide a full 3D radiated power scan, and a sensitivity figure of the devices ability to receive LoRaWAN® packets.
The ability to demonstrate a satisfactory level of RF performance is important as most operators require a minimum RF performance for the devices they allow onto their networks.
The LoRa Alliance® has developed a LoRaWAN® Certification Test Tool (LCTT)* for all LoRa Alliance® device manufactures to pre-test their devices before sending them to the Authorised Test Houses (ATHs) for LoRaWAN® Certification testing. Benefits to LoRa Alliance® members include:
- An accelerated certification process
- Time and money savings allowing devices to debug and finalize design prior to starting the formal certification process
The LCTT is a pre-certification and regression testing tool for protocol testing against the LoRaWAN® L2 Specification 1.0.2 and EU868, US915, KR920, AS923 and IN865 bands. Some of the features of the LCTT include:
- Device manufactures can prove the device design before shipping it for formal certification testing
- Pre-certification mode and a debug mode
- Run on a local PC with a local LoRaWAN® Gateway connected at a device manufacturer’s own facility
For access to the LCTT, please click HERE:
Prior to installing the LCTT please review the Read Me file in the link above.
*Available exclusively to members via the Member Portal
All LoRa Alliance® member companies are allowed one free LCTT license. Each additional license can be purchased for $2000 USD each. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for license purchasing information.
Public operators have experienced a large amount of issues with devices on both the LoRaWAN® communication protocol (MAC layer) and the RF emission properties. These two aspects are crucial for a successful IoT application. Incompatibilities of the device with the LoRaWAN® protocol could result in unwanted behavior on the network and inefficient energy management. Due to suboptimal antenna designs and sizes, insufficient RF emission power will cause the device to only use a small part of the network’s full coverage, causing the coverage to seem a lot worse than it really is.
To ensure adequate performance of a device on a LoRaWAN® network, each network operator distributes their own device qualification trademark after testing the applied hardware. Currently a hardware manufacturer must follow separate approval procedures at every public operator to obtain these network specific qualification trademarks. Therefore, the public operators listed below have agreed to use a common qualification process to approve devices on their networks. This process clarifies what must be done for a device to perform on a public network. The decision to approve a device remains with each network operator itself.
Documents to hand in to your operator:
- LoRaWAN® Certification according to specification LW1.0.2 v1.6 or newer
- LoRaWAN® End Device Radiated RF Performance EU V1.2.1 or newer*
- LoRaWAN® Certification Questionnaire V2.1
- LoRaWAN EU Supplementary Device Questions V1.0**
- Additional interoperability testing for some operators
*Only tests made by an official LoRa Alliance approved test house will be accepted.
**This replaces all questions of the former CLDQP v1.x intake form.
If you are not listing the above test reports publicly on the LoRa Alliance website, all the documents still must be sent to the LoRaWAN operators you want to get approved by.
Each operator will decide individually if your product will be approved on their network.
EveryNet Jonathan Pearce email@example.com
Certification Process Overview
This section provides an overview of the standard LoRa Alliance® Certification Process, as described in detail in the LoRa Alliance® Certification Policies and Procedures* document and the LoRa Alliance® Process Description Certification for LoRaWAN Devices*
- Contact a LoRa Alliance® Authorised Test House (ATH) for a quote
- Complete the certification questionnaire* available in the LoRa Alliance® Members Area or from the ATH
- Prepare your product(s) for certification
- Products must fulfill the referenced LoRaWAN™ Specification and Regional Parameters Document
- Products must fulfill relevant regional LoRa Alliance® End Device Certification Requirement Document (see Certification Resources tab)
- Deliver your product to the ATH. Device should be prepared for Over the Air Activation (OTAA) or already Activated By Personalized (ABP)
- The ATH will perform the certification tests and provide you and/or the Alliance with the results
- The "Pass" test results are provided to you and/or the LoRa Alliance®
- LoRa Alliance® will review the test results and issue a LoRaWAN CertifiedCM certificate
- Results and basic product information are released on the LoRa Alliance® website. The release date can be customized to align with a product launch date, if requested. Data from the questionnaire that should not appear on the website can be marked as confidential
LoRa Alliance® Product Certification Process Flowchart
LoRaWAN® certification ensures interoperability and compliance on any LoRaWAN® network. The scope of the Certification Program confirms that the end device meets the functional requirements of the LoRaWAN protocol specification. It also entitles your product to use the LoRaWAN Certifiedcm logo. You will also receive a product listing on the LoRa Alliance® website, as well as product promotion in other LoRa Alliance® collateral.
Yes, device manufacturers must be a member of the LoRa Alliance® in order to submit their products to become LoRaWAN Certifiedcm and only LoRa Alliance® members are entitled to use LoRaWAN Certifiedcm logo.
Currently the certification program is for Class A devices in:
Europe: EU863-870 MHz, North America: US 902-928 MHz, Asia: AS923 MHz, Korea: KR920-923 MHz and India: IN865-867 MHz
The certification program for Gateway devices has not yet been opened. The certification program for regions that do not use the above bands are under development. You may contact LoRa Alliance® authorized test-service providers if you are interested in pre-certification testing for devices that do not yet have a certification program.
This section provides an overview of the standard LoRa Alliance Certification Process, as described in detail in the LoRa Alliance Certification Policies and Procedures* document and the LoRa Alliance Process Description Certification for LoRaWAN Devices*.
- Contact a LoRa Alliance Authorized Test House (ATH) for a quote.
- Complete the certification questionnaire* available on the LoRa Alliance website Members Area or from the ATH.
- Prepare your product(s) for certification.
- Products must fulfill the latest LoRaWAN Specification and Regional Parameters Document.
- Products must fulfill relevant regional LoRa Alliance® End Device Certification Requirement Document (see suite of regional tests listed above).
- Deliver your product to the ATH. Device should be ready for Over the Air activation or already personalized.
- The ATH will perform the certification tests and provide you and/or the Alliance with the results.
- The "Pass" test results are provided to you and/or the LoRa Alliance®.
- LoRa Alliance® will review the test results and issue a certificate of LoRa Alliance® Certification.
- Results and basic product information are released on the LoRa Alliance® website. The release date can be customized to align with a product launch date, if requested. Data from the questionnaire that should not appear on the website should be marked as confidential.
The LoRaWAN® certification tests for end node functionality, in other words it tests that node's LoRaWAN protocol stack and application are compliant with the LoRaWAN specification. The certification optionally covers radio performance. Radio performance includes things such as the radiated power, radio sensitivity etc. These are key parameters for good performance when signal strength is weak.
If you book a time for certification and provide the product to be tested, typically the test results may be delivered within one week from the booked date.
No, regulatory testing can take place before, after or at the same time with the LoRaWAN® certification testing.